海战场是军事对抗的重要战场之一，海上作战涉及空中、水面、水下以及海岸陆地等空间，作战资源对象数量庞大且能力多样 。随着无人系统技术的不断发展，跨域无人集群将成为未来海上作战的重要力量。以海上跨域无人集群作为研究对象， 首先梳理了跨域作战的相关概念及演变过程，定义了跨域无人集群的内涵，然后阐述了美军单域无人集群项目的发展趋势及现状， 分析了近期跨域无人集群演习的主要内容，之后对无人集群关键技术现有研究成果进行了提炼总结，指出了跨域无人集群发展面临的挑战。最后给出了跨域无人集群未来的发展趋势。
Naval battlefield is one of the important battlefields in military confrontation. The naval battle space is involved with air, water, underwater and coastal land, etc., and combat resources are enormous in quantity and are diverse from each other in capability. With the continuous development of unmanned system technology, the cross-domain unmanned swarm will become an important force in future maritime warfare. Taking the maritime cross-domain unmanned swarm as a research object, firstly, the paper combs out the related concepts and evolution process of cross-domain operations, and defines the connotation of cross-domain unmanned swarm. And then the development trend and current situation of the US military single-domain unmanned swarm project are described, and the main contents of the recent cross-domain unmanned swarm exercise are analyzed. Finally, the existing research results in the key technologies for the unmanned swarms are refined and summarized, and the challenges facing the development of cross-domain unmanned swarms are pointed out. Simultaneously, the future development trend of cross-domain unmanned swarms is given.
梁晓龙, 王宁, 王维佳,可唯一.海上跨域无人集群研究进展综述[J].空军工程大学学报,2023,24(5):2-15复制